Can God be fathomed? In the enormity of the universe, we know that our solar system is but a small speck. With the poet of Psalm 8, we wonder if amid 125 billion galaxies, God takes notice of our lives. We wonder if we matter at all. The grandeur of the universe gives birth to the apophatic approach to theology and spirituality, the belief that God is beyond anything we can say or imagine. Yet, many who claim that we can’t say anything about God or must live in mystery, nevertheless, suggest that the ultimate is unchanging and all-determining. Though God’s ways are not our ways, when we speak of God we need to consider the character of the God about which we speak. Psalm 8 gives us license to engage in God-talk, for we are created a little lower than divinity, and given the gift of creativity and agency.
Let me repeat: the fact that we can’t fully fathom God or discern the meaning of suffering does not give us the right to image God as omnipotent or arbitrary, or hold that events spring entirely from the hand of God. There are many other options in explaining the suffering we experience, and that is the point of Job. At the very least, we are left with the questions such: Is an event good because God wills it? Or does God will it because it is good? Is there a meaning to suffering or do things just happen? Is the reality of God compatible with randomness and chaos?
Job is trying to make sense of a god he can’t understand and who seems hidden when we most need God. Job wants a god he can communicate with; he also hopes that God is on his side and will appear to ease his suffering. Explaining the suffering we or others experience can be theologically problematic, especially in pastoral situations. Often we attribute to God actions that would lead to indictment and arrest if performed by a human. Despite the mysteries of suffering and evil, we need to assume, as Jesus suggests, that God is at least as moral as a good parent or grandparent.
Psalm 22 describes the experience of being forsaken by God. Other people prosper but we feel alone in our suffering. Our suffering alienates us from everyone, including God. We feel set apart by our suffering, and others treat us differently as a result of our current situation. We wonder if the God who once was real will show up again to dry our tears and ease our pain. No amount of counsel from prosperity gospel preachers or new age pundits can ease our pain, when God appears to have deserted us.
Hebrews describes Christ’s saving presence. Christ is able to save us because Christ is one of us. Jesus as Christ is not immune to suffering or temptation, nor is God immune from suffering and pain. Our salvation emerges as a result of God’s identification and understanding of our experience. Hebrews’ words are bold. They suggest that only a suffering God can save and that God’s power is made perfect in weakness, as Paul asserts, our own and God’s own weakness, God’s inability to “make things right” in every occasion.
The passage from Mark reveals the temptation of wealth. The approach is countercultural, then and now. As a culture, we have a bias toward the wealthy. Many complain about welfare mothers, and food stamp frauds, while failing to critique tax breaks and subsidies for the wealthy. In the spirit of Job’s friends and much orthodoxy, there is a tendency to identify prosperity with morality and poverty with moral deficiency. Yet, Jesus turns this upside down. The insulation wealth provides alienates us from experiencing the pain of the poor. Further, our security tempts us to rely on our own wealth and so-called goodness rather than God’s grace. Without a safety net, the poor must cast themselves upon God for their salvation. They have no hope but God’s future. Yet, as the Book of Job reveals, wealth can’t insulate us from suffering. Even the wealthiest will eventually face sickness, aging, and death. Will a life built solely on earthly treasures enable us to face what is beyond our control? Spiritual wealth alone can inspire a healing lifestyle, justice seeking, and earth care, and enable us to trust our futures to a power and wisdom greater than our own.